Measles and rubella basics

Measles and rubella continue to pose a very real threat to children around the world, despite the reality that we can easily prevent these infections with safe, effective, and relatively inexpensive vaccines.

Frequently asked questions

What are measles and rubella viruses?
What happens when people get infected with measles or rubella?
What tools do we use to protect ourselves from measles and rubella viruses?
What is happening with respect to global coordination of measles and rubella control efforts?
What can you do to help?
Common abbreviations

What are measles and rubella viruses?

What happens when people get infected with measles or rubella?

What tools do we use to protect ourselves from measles and rubella viruses?

What is happening with respect to global coordination of measles and rubella control efforts?

Commitments by region:

The World Health Assembly endorsed several 2015 targets for measles control, including (1) exceeding 90% coverage with the first dose of measles-containing vaccine nationally and exceeding 80% vaccination coverage in every district, (2) reducing annual measles incidence to less than 5 cases per million and maintaining that level, and (3) reducing measles mortality by more than 95% compared with 2000 estimates.
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What can you do to help?

Common acronyms and terms

Used generally by measles and rubella researchers and policy makers:

CRS = congenital rubella syndrome
MCV = measles containing vaccine (MCV1 = first dose of a MCV, MCV2 = second dose of a MCV), types of MCVs:
    M = measles vaccine
    MR = measles and rubella vaccine
    MMR = measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine
NIDs = national immunization days
RCV = rubella containing vaccine
RM = reduced mortality
SIAs = supplemental immunization activities
SNIDs or sNIDS = sub-national immunization days
WHA = World Health Assembly
WHO = World Health Organization

Used in our modeling:

HIGH = high-income country
LMI = lower middle-income country
LOW = low-income country
UMI = upper middle-income country
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